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Year 2

Maths is big part of Year 1 and will be taught for an hour each day. The focus for maths lessons will be fluency – learning and practicing new skills, reasoning and problem solving – applying the skills to solve real life situations and problems.


Children in year 2 are expected to know the multiplication facts in the 2x, 5x and 10x tables and the related division facts. It is important that they know the facts off by heart as this will help them with more complex mental calculations.


From September, children will practise the following basic number and counting skills. They need to know them by heart and be able to apply them to their maths work.  Children need to practise these facts at home to reinforce learning from school to help them become fluent.

  • Order 3 digit numbers to 1,000
  • Count in steps of 2,3,5  from 0 and 10’s from any given number forward and backwards.
  • Number facts for numbers to 12
  • Know what must be added to a 2 digit number to make the next multiple of 10 (52 + ? = 60).
  • Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables
  • Compliments to 20 e.g  4+16
  • Compliments to 100 in multiples of 10 e.g 3+7, 30+70
  • Count in fractions of ½ to 10
  • Recognise odd and even numbers to 100
  • Doubling and halving (from double 1 to double 20 and half of 2 to half 40)
  • Time (o’clock, half past, quarter to and quarter past, 5 mins, hour more, hour less)


Below are the national curriculum objectives we will be covering along with guidelines on learning times tables and details of the basic number skills that each child needs to know.

Number and Place Value

  • Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and
  • backward
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line
  • Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
  • Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
  • Use place value and number facts to solve problems.

Addition and subtraction

  • Solve problems with addition and subtraction:
  • using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
  • applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods
  • Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use

related facts up to 100

  • Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and

mentally, including:

  • a two-digit number and ones
  • a two-digit number and tens
  • two two-digit numbers
  • adding three one-digit numbers
  • Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and

subtraction of one number from another cannot

  • Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

Multiplication and division

  • Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication

tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

  • Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs
  • Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot
  • Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.


  • Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, ¼, 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity
  • Write simple fractions for example, ½ of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and ½.


  • Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
  • Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, <, and =
  • Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value
  • Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money
  • Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change
  • Compare and sequence intervals of time
  • Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
  • Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

Geometry – Properties of shape

  • Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
  • Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces
  • Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]
  • Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

Geometry – Position and direction

  • Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences
  • Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise).
  • Ravensfield Primary School
  • Clarendon Street, Dukinfield, Cheshire, SK16 4JG