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Maths is big part of Year 2 and will be taught for an hour each day. The focus for maths lessons will be fluency – learning and practicing new skills, reasoning and problem solving – applying the skills to solve real life situations and problems. We will start by looking at number and place value and move to addition and subtraction, working with money and then develop our multiplication and division knowledge.


Children in year 2 are expected to know the multiplication facts in the 2x, 5x and 10x tables and the related division facts. It is important that they know the facts off by heart as this will help them with more complex mental calculations.


From September, children will practise the following basic number and counting skills. They need to know them by heart and be able to apply them to their maths work.  Children need to practise these facts at home to reinforce learning from school to help them become fluent.

  • Order 3 digit numbers to 1,000
  • Count in steps of 2,3,5  from 0 and 10’s from any given number forward and backwards.
  • Number facts for numbers to 12
  • Know what must be added to a 2 digit number to make the next multiple of 10 (52 + ? = 60).
  • Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables
  • Compliments to 20 e.g  4+16
  • Compliments to 100 in multiples of 10 e.g 3+7, 30+70
  • Count in fractions of ½ to 10
  • Recognise odd and even numbers to 100
  • Doubling and halving (from double 1 to double 20 and half of 2 to half 40)
  • Time (o’clock, half past, quarter to and quarter past, 5 mins, hour more, hour less)


Below are the national curriculum objectives we will be covering along with guidelines on learning times tables and details of the basic number skills that each child needs to know.


Number & Place value Objectives

National Curriculum Objective

White Rose small steps

Read and write numbers to at

least 100 in numerals and in


  • Count objects to 100 and read and write numbers in numerals and words
  • Represent numbers to 100
  • Tens and ones with a part whole model
  • Tens and ones using addition
  • Use a place value chart
  • Compare objects
  • Compare numbers
  • Order objects and numbers
  • Count in 2s, 5s and 10s
  • Count in 3s

Recognise the place value of

each digit in a two digit number

(tens, ones)

Identify, represent and estimate

numbers using different

representations including the

number line.

Compare and order numbers

from 0 up to 100; use <, > and =


Use place value and number

facts to solve problems.

Count in steps of 2, 3 and 5

from 0, and in tens from any

number, forward and backward.

Addition & Subtraction Objectives

National Curriculum Objective

White Rose small steps

Recall and use addition and subtraction

facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use

related facts up to 100.

  • Fact families – Addition and subtraction bonds to 20
  • Check calculations
  • Compare number sentences
  • Related facts
  • Bonds to 100 (tens)
  • Add and subtract 1s
  • 10 more and 10 less
  • Add and subtract 10s
  • Add a 2-digit and 1-digit number – crossing ten
  • Subtract a 1-digit number from a 2-digit number – crossing ten
  • Add two 2-digit numbers – not crossing ten – add ones and add tens
  • Add two 2-digit numbers – crossing ten – add ones and add tens
  • Subtract a 2-digit number from a 2-digit number – not crossing ten
  • Subtract a 2-digit number from a 2-digit number – crossing ten – subtract ones and tens
  • Bonds to 100 (tens and ones)
  • Add three 1-digit numbers

Add and subtract numbers using concrete

objects, pictorial representations, and

mentally, including: a two-digit number and

ones; a two-digit number and tens; two

two-digit numbers; adding three one-digit


Show that the addition of two numbers can

be done in any order (commutative) and

subtraction of one number from another


Solve problems with addition and

subtraction: using concrete objects and

pictorial representations, including those

involving numbers, quantities and

measures; applying their increasing

knowledge of mental and written methods.

Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve

missing number problems

Measurement – Money

National Curriculum Objective

White Rose small steps

Recognise and use symbols for

pounds (£) and pence (p);

combine amounts to make a

particular value.


  • Count money – pence
  • Count money – pounds (notes and coins)
  • Count money – notes and coins
  • Select money
  • Make the same amount
  • Compare money
  • Find the total
  • Find the difference
  • Find change
  • Two-step problems

Find different combinations of

coins that equal the same

amounts of money.


Solve simple problems in a

practical context involving

addition and subtraction of

money of the same unit,

including giving change.

Multiplication & Division

National Curriculum Objective

White Rose small steps

Recall and use multiplication

and division facts for the 2, 5

and 10 times tables, including

recognising odd and even



  • Recognise equal groups
  • Make equal groups
  • Add equal groups
  • Multiplication sentences using the × symbol
  • Multiplication sentences from pictures
  • Use arrays
  • 2 times-table
  • 5 times-table
  • 10 times-table

Calculate mathematical

statements for multiplication

and division within the

multiplication tables and write

them using the multiplication

(x), division (÷) and equals (=)



Solve problems involving

multiplication and division,

using materials, arrays,

repeated addition, mental

methods and multiplication and

division facts, including

problems in contexts.


Show that the multiplication of

two numbers can be done in

any order (commutative) and

division of one number by

another cannot.